Communist terrorism (Maoism/Naxalism) in the country is trying to destroy the country's democratic system on many fronts under different names and establish a totalitarian communist power system here. They have declared war against the Republic of India under the banner of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Communist Party of India (Maoist) came into existence in the year 2004 by the merger of People's War Group and Maoist Communist Centre, since then it has been playing a leading role in communist terror related activities.
Although this terrorist organization may have come into existence in the year 2004 in its present form, but its military unit People's Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) has been active in different states of India since the year 2000.
In this, in the year 2004, about 40 armed communist terrorist groups operating in different areas across the country were merged in that period. Since then, the PLGA has been directly responsible for a spate of Maoist-based violence across the country. In total, the PLGA, the military wing of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), has been directly responsible for over 20,000 killings during its 22 years of existence.
At its peak i.e. in the year 2007-2010, on the basis of PLGA, CPI-Maoist was effectively established in about one third of the sovereign land of the country i.e. in about 180 districts, out of which in some parts of Dandakaranya region (Bastar division of Chhattisgarh) CPI's parallel Janatana government was also established.
This was the same period when the then Prime Minister of the country Manmohan Singh had described communist terror as the biggest threat to the country's internal security. In the coming years i.e. from the year 2010, the security forces got partial success on the front of Maoism, during which period the geographical expansion of Maoists decreased, but in the absence of strict and effective policy against them at the national level, more or less their organizational structure or The firepower could not be effectively weakened.
A major change in this context was seen in the year 2014 after the central government made a radical change in the policies regarding communist terror, when the military wing of 'CPI-M' 'PLGA' along with its other frontal groups and urban Simultaneous action was taken against groups of cadres (Urban Naxals).
As a result, in the last seven-eight years, along with the geographical expansion of the CPI-Maoist, the firepower of its military unit PLGA has also become extremely weak. Talking about its geographical expansion, at present (year 2021-22) it has been limited to only 70 districts of the country, out of which only 25 districts have been identified as extreme Maoist affected areas, while a total of 46 The districts are considered to be moderately affected by Maoism.
Statistics reveal a significant decrease in Maoist-related incidents and casualties. Comparing the peak year of 2008-09 to 2021, there has been a 77% decrease in incidents and an 85% decrease in deaths. This decline can be attributed to the relentless efforts of security forces, including operations, arrests, and the dismantling of their information networks.
The operations carried out by security forces in states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh have yielded notable results. Thousands of Naxalites have been arrested, and top leaders have surrendered. However, there have been instances of violence against innocent civilians, primarily targeting tribal communities, emphasizing the need for continued efforts to ensure lasting peace and security.
While progress has been made in countering communist terrorism, the struggle to eradicate this deeply rooted system continues. The central government's commitment, coupled with the dedication of security forces, has yielded positive outcomes. Addressing the menace of urban Naxalites remains a priority. India's unwavering commitment to democracy and the well-being of its citizens will play a pivotal role in effectively combating communist terrorism.